The Families of Old Lipa, Batangas

In the Library of the Fabella family-owned JRU Jose Rizal University along Shaw Boulevard in Mandaluyong City are the private papers of former Senator Maria Kalaw-Katigbak.  Among those papers are important old documents and rare antique photographs pertaining to her ancestors, the Solis family of Old Lipa, Batangas.  Former Senator Katigbak was the mother of Marinela Kalaw Katigbak-Fabella, Mrs. Armand Fabella.



Macaria Catigbac.

Adela Catigbac-Salas-Gatlin.


Lauro Dimayuga.

Rosario Dimayuga-Luz.


Teodoro Kalaw.

Maximo Kalaw.

Purita Villanueva Kalaw-Ledesma.

Maria Villanueva Kalaw-Katigbak.

Evelina Villanueva Kalaw-Pines.



Arturo Rogerio Dimayuga Luz.




Dr Baldomero Roxas.


Celestino Solis.

Catalina Solis.



  1. November 18, 2015 at 8:17 pm

    fabella family has since scattered to hawaii, u.s.a. canada and europe.
    In the Phil they are located in Romblon, Mindoro, metro manila. i found
    relatives all over, including an SVD principal of a collee in Calapan
    City. IO passed by Calapan, 5 yrs ago on a visit. the the ship from
    batangas city to calapan is now only 1 hour. it used to be 5 hrs. in old
    ships to started from a manikla pier to lubang,calapan, toxas, and
    odiongan, romblon.

  2. June 12, 2015 at 3:18 pm

    I found that there is an old Fabella family in Cebu. IO taught Fabella’s
    were from Pagsanjan Laguna, Romblon, Mindoro and Beyond

  3. Amit Kumar Bhowmik said,

    May 21, 2015 at 10:40 am

    My late mother, Mrs. Usha Bhowmik, was a close friend of late Maria Kalaw Katigbak. She too was connected with the World Association Girl Guides(WAGGS) movement>She was also its President once . I was sponsored by Mrs Katigbak to the Philippines in 1969 and enrolled in the JRC for a term. I left my heart behind in the Philippines where I stayed for a year… I am trying to track down Nikos Katigbak, Bert Domingo ,Connie Pangan, Carolina Rozon and others who I met briefly but who have remained in my thoughts and hear for all these years….Perhaps, they may still remember me …Mabu Hai Philippines !

    with affections . AMIT KUMAR BHOWMIK, Advocate, based in Pune (India)(
    Mob: 91-09890122843). I am on whatsapp also.

  4. April 9, 2015 at 2:46 pm

    Hi there. I was communicating with your brother, Romeo K. Cachuela last 2011 regarding your lolo, Gregorio Dimayuga Katigbak. We do have him in the family tree. You may email me at for further details.

  5. Orlando Katigbak Cachuela said,

    April 8, 2015 at 4:03 pm

    Renz Katigbak, I am trying to get more information regarding my grandfather, Gregorio Katigbak. He was a columnist for Taliba under the pen name “Katig”. My mother is his only daughter. Do you happen to know my grandfather’s background?

  6. Marie Frances Mayo said,

    December 3, 2014 at 2:42 am

    I’m proud to be a member of mayo family

  7. Maria sabina campo pineda said,

    October 17, 2013 at 11:50 pm

    How about arsenia katigbak silva marked to amando b pineda

  8. Miguel Roxas said,

    August 29, 2013 at 2:05 am

    To Christopher Yatco’s comment:

    “Pilar Asuncion Roxas, wife of Baldomero Roxas, was the sister of Dolores Asuncion Chuidian, wife of Telesforo Chuidian. They were descendants of the famous painter Justiniano Asuncion of Sta.Cruz, Manila.”

    Would anyone know who the parents of Dolores and Pilar Asuncion are? Based on the dates (If the comment is correct) Justiniano would’ve been their grandfather?


    December 22, 2012 at 8:10 pm


  10. Christopher Yatco said,

    December 4, 2012 at 12:57 am

    Pilar Asuncion Roxas, wife of Baldomero Roxas, was the sister of Dolores Asuncion Chuidian, wife of Telesforo Chuidian. They were descendants of the famous painter Justiniano Asuncion of Sta.Cruz, Manila.

  11. remedios kalaw said,

    August 29, 2012 at 10:36 pm

    what about armando kalaw married to yolanda cervantes

  12. remedios kalaw said,

    August 29, 2012 at 10:34 pm

    what about brigido recto kalaw married to simeona agojo

  13. May 30, 2012 at 4:41 am


    We have a policy that comments with no real names, no email addresses that can be confirmed, and no reliable identity checks will not be allowed.

    Please upload your comment again with the requisite information.

    Thank you.

    Toto Gonzalez

  14. Raf Dolor said,

    March 17, 2012 at 12:07 pm

    A book on Enrique Laygo is being prepared by UP professors and Instituto Cervantes. I will also assist in the publication. This is also scheduled for release late this year.

  15. Raf Dolor said,

    March 17, 2012 at 11:59 am

    Victoria Jones is my cousin! I hope she’s doing well in the US. I am assisting Renz Katigbak in publishing a book on the Katigbaks. Am hopeful this project materializes this year.

  16. Victoria Jones said,

    March 10, 2012 at 2:23 am

    I have lived in the United States for over 40 years. I know my great grandfather was Enrique Laygo. his son also Enrique was my father. he died when we first arrived in San Francisco. Could not return for his funeral. Searching for archives and death record.
    Victoria Jones

  17. Arianne Garcia said,

    February 25, 2012 at 9:33 am

    Good Day Mr.Renz Katigbak ..can i interview you through this site .?
    We have our thesis paper ,and I want Casa de Segunda,one of the ancestral houses in LIpa,City Batangas to be our topic . . I just want to know the stories and people behind it …

    I hope that you will answer this message as soon as possible .Please. .
    I don’t have enough time to do it and interview you personally ..we have to submit the paper on the 2nd day of March. .

    thank you so much sir ..

  18. Ivan Tuazon said,

    January 19, 2012 at 2:51 pm

    Does anyone know about Lorenzo Katigbak who was married to Maxima Briones? He was the son of Filomeno Katigbak. I’m trying to trace my family’s roots. Thank you.

  19. October 28, 2011 at 10:27 am

    Hi Ms. Pia,

    Rosario Katigbak Kalaw is the daughter of Don Cipriano Gonzales Kalaw and Dona Felisa Africa Katigbak. She is the second cousin of my great-grandfather Benigno Katigbak. I can tell you more stories about the Kalaw and Katigbak lineages. please email me:

  20. Pia Marquez Manguiat said,

    October 28, 2011 at 7:15 am

    Hi all, my grandmother was Rosario Katigbak Kalaw and my grandfather Jose Mayo Manguiat. I was wondering if any of you know of a good resource site regarding their families. thanks!

  21. Gerard Briones Ara said,

    August 5, 2011 at 1:46 pm

    Sir Renz,

    Thanks for the info!

  22. August 5, 2011 at 12:07 am

    Hi Sir Gerard,

    Some of the Old photos could be seen in the Lipa Tourism Website: You may also visit our MUSEO de LIPA located near Cathedral and at the back of Plaza Independencia along Pres. Leon Katigbak St..

  23. Gerard Briones Ara said,

    August 4, 2011 at 10:55 am

    Hi Sir Renz,

    Ah Thats great. Im interested to in the hisoty of Lipa. We have a genealogy book here created by my uncle father Roly Briones. We have in our genealogy and some of our relatives are the catigbac, mayo, solis and briones. Where could i see the old photos of families of lipa? is it available in the internet?

  24. August 3, 2011 at 2:23 pm

    Hi Sir Gerard

    I am a history enthusiast and I am actually doing an extensive research of the Katigbak Clan of Lipa, and other families as well such as the SOLIS, AGUILERA, MAYO, LUZ, KALAW, ROXAS, DIMAYUGA, LEYESA and etc. – digging old church records, interviewing old family members, and collecting old and new photos. I am also part of a creative team for the Coffee Table book entitled: Peaks and Valleys: the Story of Lipa where I am the researcher and a write-up contributor.

  25. Gerard Briones Ara said,

    August 3, 2011 at 10:28 am

    Hi Renz,

    where did you get the details and story of the families in Lipa?

  26. August 2, 2011 at 3:23 pm

    It should be Eugenio not Emilio…Eugenio Manguiat’s parents are Don Mateo Manguiat and Martina Torre.

  27. August 2, 2011 at 3:20 pm

    Hi Sir Ray Manguiat,

    The Manguiats are the descendants of Don Pedro Manguiat and Dona Fabiana Maralit. Their children are: Guillerma, the eldest and third wife of Don Celestino Solis; Dolores, the 1st wife of Don Celestino Metra Luz, Mateo who married Martina Torre; and Maria, the 1st wife of Don Valerio Kalaw. Your grandfather, Emilio, must be the son of Mateo Manguiat and Martina Torre and the brother of Emilia Manguiat – the second wife of Don Valerio Kalaw.

    I hope I have answered your query.

    Renz Katigbak

  28. August 2, 2011 at 2:56 pm

    I contributed that article to the MY CITY, MY SM event.

  29. Enrique Bustos said,

    August 2, 2011 at 2:23 pm

    The young Katigbaks and their Lipa
    Philippine Daily Inquirer
    July 31 2011

    Datu Dumangsil one of the ten Borneo datus who came to the Philippines settled along the Taal Lake near Mt Maculot up to the Tabgakin area.
    It was from the descendants of Datu Damangsil group that the Katigbak clan traces its ancestry

    The Katigbak forefathers were referred to as “from the plains of Tagbakin”
    which later became Katagbakin and eventually Katigbak the family left the place when Taal Volcano erupted in 1754 and transferred to Lipa City’s present location in1756

    During the Spanish colonial era, the Katigbaks belong to Tagalog nobility
    forming part of the social enclave called the principalia or noble class they held position in government either as Cabeza de Barangay or Gobernadorcillo and enjoyed social and exclusive privileges they were owners of vast tracts of land from Lipa and adjacent towns and were addresses as Don and Dona

    The Katigbaks expanded their wealth even more during Lipa’s coffee boom in 1886-1888 and over the years their name has been synonymous with Lipa

  30. Ray Manguiat said,

    July 31, 2011 at 6:04 am

    Can you trace the Manguiat Clan? Valerio Kalaw married Maria Manguiat the parents of Teodoro M. Kalaw. My question is who are the parents, brothers or sisters of Maria Manguiat or next of kins. I heard from my father when he’s still alive that my grandfather (Eugenio Manguiat) was raised by the Kalaws due to early passing of their parents when they were young. My grandfather was born during the spanish time and fought along side with Gen. Malvar as Sgt. or as the armory/ammunition specialist. Then married my grandmother from Rosario and established his residency there on the 1900. When I was growing up, my father (Venus Manguiat, Sr.) was really closed with Maria M. Kalaw. They call each other kuya or ate. We are raised in Rosario and the very first Manguiat there. If anyone can give us more information about this family will greatly appreciated. God bless you all.

  31. Gerard Briones Ara said,

    July 26, 2011 at 11:55 am

    Im proud to be in the Mayo Briones Clan of Lipa City

  32. July 20, 2011 at 11:30 am


    Kindly share with us a brief biographical sketch of Dr. Pedro Lasig of Lipa, Batangas.

    Thank you.

    Toto Gonzalez

  33. Henry O. Lasig said,

    July 19, 2011 at 11:21 pm

    Will Dr. Pedro Lasig of the then famous Lasig General Hospital be discussed here as well? I think he contributed a lot as well in the history of the place. Salamat

  34. Henry O. Lasig said,

    July 19, 2011 at 11:19 pm

    Can you also discuss the history of the Lasig clan particularly that of Dr. Pedro Lasig of the then famous Lasig General Hospital? I will appreciate that. Salamat

  35. July 5, 2011 at 11:45 am

    Hi Mr. Bustos,

    I trace my ancestry from the Catigbacs, Luz, and Solis. May I know how you got the info about my lolo “Don Norberto Katigbak” that his land spanned to 15 barrios”? I am very much interested to know your source. I am already starting to write the story of our Clan.

    I am also interested to know your source of the origin of the name Luz. You stated in one of your comments that they originated from China with a former surname “LU” and changed it to LUZ. In the documents I’ve researched they used DE SAN MIGUEL before the 1849 Claveria decree and afterwards they used LUZ as their surname.

    Thanks and hoping for your response.

    Renz Marion D. Katigbak

  36. Enrique Bustos said,

    February 25, 2011 at 2:12 pm

    Potenciano T. Ilusorio parents are Ramon Ilusorio and Mariquita Tiangco they are form San Ildefonso Bulacan their ancestral house is the big abandoned Mansion in the Highway going to Nueva Ecija

  37. Maria Cristina Suralta said,

    February 22, 2011 at 12:39 pm

    Just asking about the roots of the late Potenciano T. Ilusorio; curious of his family background.

  38. Enrique Bustos said,

    November 12, 2010 at 4:56 am

    Dr Baldomero Roxas and Pilar Asuncion-Roxas children are Pacita Roxas and Vicente Roxas

  39. Enrique Bustos said,

    September 8, 2010 at 4:44 pm


    The Favis-Gonzalez family was one of the “alta sociedad” families then and up to now. I know Astering Favis courted Chito Madrigal before he married his wife Medong Ledesma. He was also one of the popular horse owners in the Philippine horse racing circuit.


  40. September 8, 2010 at 3:47 pm


    The late “Tita Betty” Beatriz Gonzalez Favis-Gonzalez told me about the nice parties during prewar in the elegant home of Baldomero and Pilar Roxas in Malate.

    Tita Betty’s mother, “Lola Monay” Ramona Gonzalez de Favis, and her children Beatriz “Betty” [ married Beda Juan Medina Gonzalez ], Asterio “Astering” [ married Remedios Jalbuena Ledesma ], Teresa [ married Federico Abello Olbes ], and Cecilia “Cecing” [ married Jose Candelaria Gonzalez Gomez ] lived in a house on Carolina Street.

    Toto Gonzalez

  41. Enrique Bustos said,

    September 8, 2010 at 2:22 pm

    Don Norberto Katigbak son Leon Katigbak married Pacita Luz Roxas their children are Imelda Katigbak she married Aurelio Dayrit and Jose Katigbak he married Maria Kalaw the land of Don Norberto Katigbak in Batangas spans 15 barrios from his two marriage he had 15 children each children got 145 hectares of land as their inheritance

    The mother of Pacita Luz Roxas is Alejandra Luz her family was from China their surname was originally Lu but was changed to Luz to hispanized it,her family was able to accumulate a big fortune in Batangas she married Sixto Roxas their son is the famous Ob-Gyn
    Dr Baldomero Roxas he Married Pilar Asuncion they commissioned architect Andres Luna de San Pedro to design their beautiful house in Malate

    The leading families of Lipa are the FF Solis,Roxas,Luz,Mayo,Dimayuga,Manguiat & Kalaw

  42. Enrique Bustos said,

    September 7, 2010 at 2:37 pm

    The ancestor of the Kalaw family is Luis Calao he married Ildefonsa Aguila their son Ramon Calao married Ramona Inciong their children are Florentina and Valerio Kalaw he married Maria Manguiat their Children are the FF
    1.Teodoro married Pura Villanueva
    2.Maximo married Maria Tejico
    3.Rosario married Manuel Luz Roxas their son is Bancom founder Sixto K. Roxas
    4.Manuela married Valente Villegas

    Valerio remarried after his wife died he married Emilia Manguiat a niece of his first wife their children are the FF
    1.Moises married Fe Luz
    2.Soledad married Felix Maramba
    3.Emilia married Antonio Tapalla
    4.Mercedes married Alejandro Katigbak
    5.Jose married Nelly Mayo
    7.Jacinto married Paz Rodelas

  43. June 22, 2010 at 5:15 pm


    It sounds so much like Sonny Tinio [ the patrician historian Martin Imperial Tinio Jr. ] talking…


    Toto Gonzalez

  44. Enrique Bustos said,

    June 21, 2010 at 11:27 am

    from “Batangas: Forged in Fire” edited by Ramon N. Villegas, Ayala Foundation [ section written by Martin I. Tinio Jr. ]:

    Lipa’s golden age was in the late nineteenth century when, for a short time, the town was the center of coffee cultivation in the world. Some of the town’s families were among the countries wealthiest. Lipenos were known for intermarrying among themselves, not so much to keep wealth within the family, but because parents did not want to marry people who were not from Lipa. There is a very high incidence of marrying first cousins, particularly among the Katigbak, Luz, Roxas, Kalaw, and Dimayuga clans. Intermarriages continue, as in case of Armando Katigbak Katigbak marrying Lourdes Katigbak Katigbak.
    The Aguileras are descended from a Spaniard, Julian Aguilera, and a Tagala, Fabiana de la Cruz. Their son, Gregorio, married Maria Solis, their son, also named Gregorio, studied in Spain with his first cousin, Lauro Dimayuga, and fellow Lipeno Baldomero Roxas. Part of a group called los indios bravos, Gregorio Solis Aguilera was active during the Revolution and a member of the Malolos Congress. To discourage Lipenos from aiding General Malvar during the Philippine- American War, Americans imprisoned Gregorio and around seven hundred townsfolk, accusing them of hiding fifty rifles, a ploy for justifying arbitrary arrest. Wealthy men were forced by the Americans to work in the streets to humiliate them. Those who owned summerhouses in Balete were each given a can of kerosene, forced to march the ten kilometer distance to the barrio, and ordered to set fire to their own houses! Prisoners were only released after they surrendered fifty rifles, which their families had to buy in the black market. Gregorio Aguilera Solis (president municipal, 1902-1903 and Batangas governor, 1904-1907), married his first cousin Rosenda Solis Katigbak. They had no children.
    The Spanish mestizo Celestino Solis founded the Solis clan, the most aristocratic family in Lipa, if not the whole province. He was considered the richest man in Lipa in his time (gobernadorcillo, 1843, 1848 , 1860-1861). He has been married thrice, first to Patricia Metra (old spelling of Mitra), then to her sister Jacoba. The name of his third wife is not known. Patricia’s eldest daughter, Justa, married Norberto Catigbac. Their daughter was Segunda, with whom Jose Rizal was romantically linked. Another daughter, Maria, married Gregorio Aguilera. Jacoba had several daughters, Maria, married Gregorio Aguilera. Jacoba had several daughters: Salvador, Germana, Catalina, Marcelina, Filomena, and one son, Bernardo. Both Celestino and his son’s children are mostly girls, so the Solis Family name is almost extinct in Lipa today.
    Salvadora married Toribio Catigbac, the coffee king of Lipa. She loved diamonds and was one of the few women in Lipa whose slippers were encrusted with precious gems. For grand bailes, very fine, long golden pins with dangling, diamond-studded pendants decorated the embroidered pina sleeves of her traje de mestiza blouse, turning her every movement into a shimmering display as she danced her way around the ballroom floor! Even her fan was studded with diamonds to catch and throw back sparkling light with every movement of her hand.
    Germana married Dr. Jose Lozada (governor, 1907-1908), one of Lipa’s first doctors. His profession assured him of wealth and privilege. Their house in Lipa was famous for its stairway with gilt bronze balusters. When the Luna brothers came to Lipa in the 1890s to solicit contributions for the nationalist cause, the Lozada couple housed them in a nipa-shingled guesthouse set in an orchard at the back of the main house. The walls were of woven sawali and the floors of split bamboo, but the bahay kubo was luxuriously appointed with crystal chandeliers, gilded mirrors, Persian carpets, and blackamoors! The following day, the guests were awakened for breakfast by string orchestra! In gratitude for the financial contribution and hospitality, the Lunas gifted their hosts with a fine pair of large, gilded Satsuma vases, which still exist today. The Lozadas had only one child, Consuelo, who married Reynaldo Lardizabal, son of the first Filipino governor of Marinduque. Consuelo and Reynaldo had two sons, Reynaldo Jr. and Jose. Jose was active in performing arts. He was the artistic director of the Bayanihan Dance Troupe and was with the Cultural Center of the Philippines during the Marcos era.
    Catalina Solis married an Aguilera and owned the largest house in Lipa, with a vast dining room that could seat eighty guests! Dinners were always the talk of the town as the entire table service, including the plates and lechon-sized platters were of solid silver! The cutlery (like the birdcage for her pet canary) was said to have been made of solid gold. All her children died young so she bequeathed her mansion to the Church, to be used as a diocesan residence. The house was destroyed in the American bombing of Lipa.
    Marcelina married Juan Olaguivel, son of Nicolas Olaguivel, the richest merchant in the Cebu Parian in 1830s. Juan’s son, named Nicolas after his grandfather, married his first cousin, Salustia Africa Solis. After the coffee boom, he engaged in sugar farming with disastrous results.He bought machinery on borrowed money, but no one knew how to maintain the machines. Consequently, they were as good as junk and the cane harvest could not be processed. Aside from that, rinderpest killed practically all carabaos and cattle in the country, so the harvest could not be brought to other mills. To top it off, sugar prices collapsed with the discovery of beet sugar. Shortly before World War II, he engaged in abaca trading, buying hemp from Bicol and selling it to sinamay weavers and rope-makers of Batangas. But naval blockages from 1914 to 1918 prevented the export of abaca, resulting in a glut. Local prices plummeted.
    Faced with business reverses, Nicolas disposed of many of his wife’s treasured objects to save mortgaged lands. Jewels, rosaries, and missals made of precious materials were sold to pay off debts. In spite of everything, his wife remained the richest woman in Lipa. During the Commonwealth era, she was a member of Quezon’s kitchen cabinet.
    Their only son Heleno Olaquivel was an opera singer who performed in Rigoletto and other operas in pre-war Metropolitan Theater. He later became a secular priest. Heleno’s sister, Criselda, married Alberto Katigbak, whose mother, Conchita Luz, was the half sister of Manuel Luz, the husband of Segunda Katigbak. Alberto was a career diplomat. He was ambassador to the Vatican and protocol officer of Foreign Affairs. One of his sons is “shoesmith” Mario Katigbak, now the distributor of Bulgari in Manila. Gilda, his eldest daughter married Ramon Benedicto, nephew of Marcos sugar czar Roberto Benedicto.
    Celestino Solis’s only son, Bernardo Solis (gobernadorcillo, 1881-1882, 1894-1895), married Guillerma Africa. They maintained a European lifestyle and reportedly dined off golden plates and cutlery on special occasions. He insisted that all meals be served formally. Diners were serenaded by a pianist and a soprano in residence. Siesta followed lunch. All were lulled to sleep by a pianist who only stopped playing when his patrons fell asleep.
    In 1880, Bernardo went to see the Paris Exposition, for which the Eiffel tower was built. There, he went on a shopping spree, buying furniture, gilded mirrors, bronzes, statuary, porcelain, silver, and other luxury items. He even bought an entire mirrored wall of the Brazillian Pavilion on which the story of coffee was painted in reverse! They say he had to chater a ship to bring home all his purchases.
    In Paris, he told his wife to wear her biggest diamonds to the opera. They were so huge that they made her uncomfortable. Midway through the performance, she started removing them, one piece at a time, until all her jewels were resting on her lap.
    After returning to Lipa, while arranging their French purchases, Guillerma slipped on the highly polished floor. The next day, Bernardo ordered Persian carpets for the entire house, beginning from the bottom of the staircase to the bedrooms above!
    Bernardo and Guillerma’s children include Amanda, Salustia, Filomena, Rosario, Bernado Jr., and Jose. The eldest, Amada, married Herminio de Silva; she inherited her father’s gold set, which survived World War II. Salustia married her first cousin, Nicolas Solis Olaguivel. Dona Salustia’s hair was so long that it literally swept the floor. Everyday, after her morning bath, her tresses were spread out over the pasamano of her bedroom to dry. Inside her etui made of carved ivory was fitted a sewing kit – scissors, thimble, needle-case, and spools – all of solid gold. She wrote her letters with a golden feather flecked with diamonds. She was so sentimental that when her mother died, the only thing she wanted was her mother’s favorite pina handkerchief.
    Filomena married Catalino Dimayuga. Their son, Lauro Dimayuga, was entrusted as teenager to Jose Rizal who personally supervised his studies in Madrid. One of the indios bravos, Lauro was chosen to challenge to a duel Wenceslao Retano, who had written disparaging remarks against Filipinos. For this, Dimayuga earned the sobriquet “The Fearless Batangueno”. Active in the propaganda movement, he was twenty-two years old when he was arrested by the Spaniards upon discovery of the Katipunan. He was imprisoned in the Batangas provincial jail and subsequently executed without trial.
    Rosario, the youngest daughter, married Jose Lopez of Balayan. Bernardo Jr. married heiress Leandra Espinoza of Sariaya, Tayabas. As a custom, the wedding had to be held in the bride’s hometown. Sariaya was known for livestock and rustlers. In order to encourage the Lipenos to attend the festivities, the fiancee’s family said, “Come to Sariaya, and you will see our streets filled with carabaos.” To this, the Lipenos countered, “Come to Lipa, and you will see our streets paved with silver!” Bernardo Jr. contributed to the Lipa newspaper Columnas Volantes and to the leading Manila Spanish broadsheet, La Vanguardia. Bernardo Jr. and Leandra had three children, all named after their favorite operas by Wagner and St.Saens: Isolde, Samson, and Dalila.
    Samson wanted to become a Jesuit, but his mother refused to let him, which she later regretted. Drafted when the Japenese invaded, his mother asked Mrs. Quezon to have him recalled from Bataan, but Samson refused to leave his post. Brought up like a prince, he could not cope with the rigors of the battlefield and he perished in Bataan. Had he lived, he might have wedded his long-time sweetheart, Gliceria Dimaano Rustia, who eventually married Bienvenido Tantoco of Malolos, with whom she founded Rustan’s.
    Dalila married Dr. Cayetano Oca, brother of assassinated labor leader Roberto Oca. Their son, Brother Bernard Oca, F.S.C. is currently president of La Salle Greenhills.Bernardo and Guillerma’s youngest son, Jose, married Miguela Subol, daughter of one of their katiwalas.
    The large Katigbak clan is so prolific that their names have become synonymous with Lipa. Josef Catigbac (original spelling) (gobernadorcillo, 1827) married Andrea Calao. They had three sons: Cayetano, Norberto, and Leon.
    Cayetano was a mere mag-aaro or plowman but he was hardworking. He married Fausta Tapia who owned large tracts of undeveloped land, which were all cultivated by the time she died. They had three children: Toribio, Leoncia, and Maria. When Cayetano remarried, the children transferred their mother’s properties to their names.
    Toribio (president municipal, 1901-1902), said to be the richest person in town during the coffee boom, married Salvadora Solis. Of their four children, only Macaria Solis Katigbak had heirs. She married Perfecto Salas of Molo, Iloilo, a law partner of Rafael Palma. They had two sons and one daughter, Adela. Adela’s mother and brothers died during the liberation of Manila. Their estate was divided between her and a nephew. She was so rich that from just the proceeds of molasses – by-product of the sugar harvest – she could travel around the world annually.
    Josef Catigbac’s second son, Norberto (gobernadorcillo, 1862) married Justa Solis. Their eldest son, Mariano Solis Katigbak (gobernadorcillo, 1896-1897), was Jose Rizal’s classmate at Ateneo. He married Rosario Luz, half sister of Manuel Luz, his brother in law.
    Segunda Solis Katigbak was Jose Rizal’s first sweetheart and probably the best known of her clan. While studying at Colegio de la Concordia in Santa Ana, her classmate, Olimpia Rizal, invited her to party where she met Jose. Smitten, Rizal showered the fourteen-year-old lass with flowers, poems, and sketches. Hearing of his infatuation, Segunda’s disapproving parents hurriedly brought her back to Lipa, even tearing up her pencil portrait by Rizal. Subsequent letters from him were also destroyed. Aside from not being Lipeno, his parents were mere inquilinos or lessors in the Dominican Hacienda de Calamba. At sixteen, Segunda was married off to Manuel Luz, a wealthy planter and close relative. Rizal never forgot her, visiting Segunda several times in Lipa. He even played chess with her husband and, when he lost said, “I not only lost the game, but my heart, as well.”
    Leon Katigbak, Segunda’s half brother, had two children by Pacita Luz Roxas whose mother, Alejandra, was the eldest sister of Manuel Luz. Leon’s only daughter, Imelda Roxas Katigbak, married Aurelio Dayrit of San Fernando, Pampanga. One of their daughters, Carmen (Menchu), married a nephew of Senator Ambrosio Padilla. She headed the National Commission for Culture and the Arts under Presidents Aquinio and Ramos.
    Leon’s only son, Jose Roxas Katigbak, married Maria Kalaw, daughter of Teodoro M. Kalaw. They had four children:Marinella, Pinky, Purisima, and Norberto. Marinella married Armand Fabella of Pagsanjan whose family owns Jose Rizal College in Manila. He was Education secretary during the Ramos administration.
    Andrea and Josef’s third son was Lino Catigbac (gobernadorcillo, 1869-1870) who married thrice.
    The propertied and cultured Luzes lived quietly and maintained a low profile. The family produced painters, sculptors, musicians, scholars, and writers in every generation. They were descended from Jose de San Miguel Luz and Gertrudes Metra, probably the sister-in-law of Celestino Solis. Jose Luz (gobernadorcillo, 1854,1866) was a Tagalog poet and prominent planter. Their sons were Simeon and Manuel.
    Simeon (gobernadorcillo, 1879-1880; first elected governor, 1903-1904) had two daughters, Maria and Teofila, who married Norberto Jr. and Jose Katigbak respectively. Their husbands were the brothers of Segunda, their aunt-in-law. Maria and Teofila’s uncle, Manuel, married Segunda Katigbak, and had nine children by her. Every evening, after dinner, the whole family would gather in the sala for a concert with everyone singing or performing on a different instrument. Among the nine children were Arsenio, Paz, Justa, and Valeriano. Arsenio Luz was a businessman and writer. He wrote for El Renacimiento and was managing editor of Philippines Herald in 1922; managed the first sweepstakes in 1933; and became the first Filipino president of the Rotary Club. He married his cousin, Amparo Katigbak. Their daughter, Amparito, married Serafin Cui of Cebu. Amparito’s son, Serafin Cui Jr., was city administrator of Manila under the Bagatsing administration.
    Paz Katigbak Luz was married young to Pablo Dimayuga, the first pharmacist in Lipa. After her husband’s death, Paz was taken back by her mother Segunda, who housed her and her children in the old house. It is one of only five colonial period houses left in Lipa today.
    Justa Katigbak Luz married another cousin, Dr. Isabelo Katigbak, one of the first Lipenos to graduate from the U.P. School of Medicine. Isabelo’s practice was so successful that his best friend, another doctor, murdered him in a fit of professional jealousy and subsequently committed suicide after arrest. Justa’s granddaughter of the same name married a Tantoco of Malolos. She was with the office of former first Lady Loi Ejercito.
    Valeriano Katigbak Luz married Rosario Dimayuga, one of the first female architects in the country. She was the doyenne of Philippine interior designers and did many beautiful houses before and after World War II. Valeriano’s children included Vicenta, Alfredo, and Arturo. Vicenta married Carlos Cosculluela of Negros; their son, Ricardo, married the daughter of Imelda Marcos’s close friend, jeweler Liding Oledan; Rafael became Negros Occidental governor in1998. Valeriano’s eldest son, architect Alfredo, trained under Frank Lloyd Wright and was close to John D. Rockefeller; he designed the regional World Health Organization (WHO) building, the Magsaysay Center, and the Los Banos International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) complex. Arturo Luz, National Artist and gallery owner, married Tessie Ojeda; one of their daughters, Paola, was a well-known pop singer who died quite young from cancer.
    The Kalaw, Malabanan, Mayo, and Roxas clans were not flamboyantly wealthy, but they possessed brains.
    The Kalaws are descended from Luis Calao (Spanish era spelling) (gobernadorcillo, 1821), who married YLdefonsa Aguila. Their youngest daughter, Andrea, married Josef Catigbac.Luis and Yldefonsa’s son, Ramon, married Romana Inciong; their son Valerio Kalaw was the last capitan municiapal (1897-1898) under Spain and the first president municipal in 1903 under the U.S.
    Valerio’s eldest son was Teodoro, a brilliant lawyer and editor of El Renacimiento, a newpaper famous for featuring U.S. abuses. Dean Worcester filed a libel suit against them, which he won. The paper folded. Teodoro M. Kalaw was assemblyman (1909-1912) and director of the National Library until his death. He married the Ilongga Pura Villanueva, the first Manila Carnival Queen of 1908. Their children are Maria, Purita, Evelina, and Teodoro Jr.
    Maria, Miss Philippines in 1931 and a senator (1962-1967), married Jose Roxas Katigbak. Purita married Rafael Ledesma of Negros Occidental; their daughters were Rita, Consuelo, Ada, and Lourdes. The latter is single Rita, who headed the Metropolitan Museum of Manila, and is married to Jaime Gonzalez of Pampanga. Consuelo, a former nun, after obtaining Vatican dispensation married Luis Jalandoni, former priest and spokesman of the Netherlands-based National Democratic Front. Ada married ambassador to the United Nations, Philip Mabilangan, son of Ambassador Felipe Mabilangan of Santo Tomas. Philip’s sister Maria Luisa, an aide of U.S. president Bill Clinton, married a Haley of Little Rock, Arkansas.
    Evelina Kalaw married Ramon Katigbak, brother of Ambassador Alberto Katigbak. Their son, Ramon Jr., was a technocrat during the Marcos administration and a member of the president’s Economic Staff. Teodoro Kalaw, Jr. married Eva Estrada of Tarlac, who was a senator in the 1960s. Their daughter, Chingbee, formerly married to Ricardo Manotoc, Jr. is now married to Roberto Cuenca, whose family was originally from Cuenca, Batangas.
    Valerio Kalaw’s eldest daughter, Rosario, married Manuel Luz Roxas, nephew of Manuel Luz who was the husband of Segunda Katigbak.
    Valerio’s second son, Maximo Kalaw, was a prolific writer and private secretary to Manuel L. Quezon when he was the resident commissioner in Washington. Maximo took up law and was the first Filipino to get a doctorate in Political Science. During the Commonwealth, he was elected to the Philippine Assembly and served two terms. Daughter Erlinda was a pre-war Miss Philippines. She married Potenciano Ilusorio, a businessman from Bulacan.
    He was one of President Marcos’s closest cronies and said to have introduced Dovie Beams to him. Among the Illusorio chidren are Sylvia, now married to the son of taipan Emilio Yap, and Honey; whose teleserye squabbles over the family fortune have been well-covered by the press.
    The Roxas clan is descended from Capitan Sixto Roxas (gobernadorcillo, 1867-1868; president municipal, 1903-1904). He married Alejandra Luz, the eldest sister of Manuel. Their daughter, Pacita Luz Roxas, married Leon Katigbak, the half brother of Segunda Katigbak. Sixto’s granddaughter, Felicia, married Arturo Tanco from San Isidro, Nueva Ecija who was the head of National Rice Corporation (NARIC). Tanco’s eldest son is technocrat Arturo Tanco, Jr. who was President Marco’s Agriculture secretary.
    Financier Sixto Roxas Jr. was one of the founders of Bancom Development Corporation. He married the daughter of World War II heroine Josefa Llanes Escoda, Teresa “Bing” Escoda, who headed the Cultural Center of the Philippines under Presidents Aquino and Ramos.
    The Mayos, according to family tradition, are descended from Captain Ferdinand Mayo, an Irish ship captain who was shipwrecked off Balayan with his female Chinese cook named Pan To Ja. He eventually married her and had four sons. Cipriano Mayo married Ignacia Metra. Could Ignacia have been a sister of Gertrudes who married into the Luz clan, and of Jocoba and Patricia who both married into the Solis clan? Cipriano and Ignacia had two sons, Petronilo (Cabesang Petron,gobernadorcillo, 1883-1884) and Eduardo (gobernadorcillo, 1889-1890).
    Eduardo’s eldest daughter, Rufina, was the first wife of Pablo Borbon of Batangas City. Like Salvadora Solis Catigbac, she also used to pin jeweled pendants to the sleeves of her barong nipis for gran bailes.Eduardo’s other daughter, Micaela, married Claro Recto of Rosario. Their son was nationalist statesman Claro M. Recto. Eduardo’s grandon, Esteban Mayo, was mayor of Lipa (1913-1934, 1941, 1946-1947), and the first city mayor (1947-1952). Esteban’s son, Vicente, was governor (1988-1995).

  45. Enrique Bustos said,

    June 10, 2010 at 5:06 am

    The Lardizabals are the descendants of a Spanish friar. The father of Adela Salas-Gatlin is the first cousin of the father of Maloy Lardizabal. I will ask for more details if i see Maloy but she lives in the States; I talk to her when I go to the East coast.

  46. June 6, 2010 at 11:43 pm

    What about the Lardizabals of Lipa ? Comments from my honorable elders please ….

  47. Enrique Bustos said,

    June 6, 2010 at 5:32 am

    The parents of Adela Salas-Gatlin were Macaria Solis Catigbac married to Perfecto Salas of Iloilo, a law partner of Rafael Palma. Mrs. Gatlin told me they are the only remaining Catigbac family who use the Letter C instead of the Letter K which is now commonly used with the Katigbak family because her grandfather Don Toribio Catigbac instructed them never to Filipinize their surname and all his heirs should be proud of their Spanish heritage.

  48. Presy Guevara said,

    June 4, 2010 at 5:43 pm

    You’re a tease Larry. You’ll be tossing in your bed with that secret. Hehehe.

  49. June 4, 2010 at 9:20 am

    I saw the fabulous Adela Salas-Gatlin at the eye doctor the other day, her mind as clear as a bell. We chatted but I can’t reveal what we talked about.

  50. Enrique Bustos said,

    June 2, 2010 at 5:06 am

    Other old families from Lipa are the Aguileras, Luz, Roxas, & Mayo.

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