French Fries

There is excitement in Manila’s high Spanish mestizo circles because their long-lost distant relative through the Roxas line, the young Auxiliary Bishop of Paris Eric Marie de Moulins d’Amieu de Beaufort, is coming for a visit in the end of February 2010.

The good bishop is a descendant — a great great grandson, if I’m not mistaken — of the unfortunate Francisco L. Roxas y Reyes, a rich and influential mestizo businessman who was accused of sedition and forthwith executed by the Spanish authorities in the Bagumbayan field [ present-day Luneta Park ] a few days after Jose Rizal on 08 January 1897.

The good bishop is a great grandson of Francisco’s eldest daughter, Maria Vicenta Roxas y Elio, Madame la Comtesse Charles de Moulins d’Amieu de Beaufort.

Francisco was a son of Juan Roxas and Vicenta Reyes, both of Binondo, Manila.  He married Maria Elio, of an influential family from Yarte, Pamplona in Spain.  They had six children:  Salvador, Maria Vicenta, Juan, Presentacion, Carmen, and Javier.

[ The rich Vicenta Reyes viuda de Juan Roxas owned a seaside property in the suburb of Malate.  It was inherited by her son Francisco Roxas and it became famous because no less than the wife and son of Governor-General Valeriano Weyler took their sea baths there regularly.  After Francisco’s 1897 execution, it was sold by the family’s attorney Gregorio Araneta to their relatives, the Zobel-Roxas family.  The property was cut off from the sea when the Americans constructed Dewey Boulevard.  In the 1930s, Jacobo Zobel Roxas and his wife Angela Olgado, the parents of tycoon Enrique “Enzo” Zobel Olgado, built their beautiful Spanish style villa there along Dewey Boulevard facing Manila Bay.  After the Zobel-Olgado family, the villa served for some years as the British Embassy. ]

“The Arrest of Francisco Roxas” by Felix M. Roxas

“”Being an employee in the office of the Executive Secretary during the administration of Governor General Ramon Blanco y Erenas, I was very much worried about the conditions prevailing in the suburbs of Manila, in San Juan del Monte and in Balintawak as a result of the increased activities of the Katipunan.”

“During the evenings I always supped in the house of my cousin, Francisco Roxas, who lived on Calle Marques [ now Marques de Comillas ] which was very near the place where I resided.  I loved to spend my evenings in this household because I was greatly entertained by my cousin’s two sons who were graduating at the Ateneo Municipal and by his three girls who studied at the Assumption Convent, specially when they took up lessons in French and English under Mlle. Toulouse, their old and lame — but talkative and astute — tutor.  Besides, Don Francisco, being an Adviser of the Administration, used to give me up-to-date information on the salient political events taking place.”

“Convinced that there was nothing to worry about in Don Francisco’s household insofar as the revolution was concerned, I took my supper one night in the house of my other cousin, Don Perico [ Pedro P. Roxas ] at General Solano street in the San Miguel district.”

“We did not discuss the events of the day during supper; we proceeded to the hall after the meal.  Already present in the hall when we came in was Mr. Luelmo, a highway engineer, who was then courting my cousin’s second daughter, Consuelo.”

“I bade goodby [ sic ] to everyone very soon thereafter because I sensed that something worried everyone, something which I could not explain either.  I continued my way to Calle Ayala [ now P. Casal or Tanduay ] and thence to Calle Marques.  As I passed Don Francisco’s house on this street and finding it well illuminated I came in and was surprised to find three caps of the Guardia Civil Veterana on a table near the stairs.  I backed out and in so doing met seventeen year-old Maria Vicenta, my cousin’s eldest daughter, who informed me that her father was being arrested.”

“After seeing Don Francisco leading Major Diez and two policemen for a further search of his home, I left immediately and hurried to return to Don Perico’s house to inform him of our cousin’s predicament.”

“In a rather weak voice, I called for my cousin Perico.  Hearing me, he went down by the back stairs.  When he learned what had happened, he asked his driver Claro to take me to wherever I wanted and asked me to report further developments to him.”

“As I passed Don Francisco’s house once more, I saw him being taken away in his carriage in the company of the pianist Pepe Estrella who had dined with him.  So I asked the driver Claro to take me to my cousin’s office on Plaza de Binondo to see if I could help in any way.  But the place was also guarded by the police, so I asked the driver to go back to Don Pedro’s house.  His wife [ Carmen Ayala de Roxas ] then ordered the carriage inside, the lights put out, and the doors and windows closed, and that absolute stillness be maintained in the house.”

“Before leaving, my cousin Perico told me:  “See if they don’t meddle with poor Jacobo [ Zobel Zangroniz ].”  He lived a few doors further up the street and was so seriously ill that he died [ from a heart attack ] a few weeks later in his residence.”

“While Francisco Roxas was being detained in his house, the telephone rang, asking for Major Diez to answer a call from Governor General Blanco.  General Blanco asked Diez who had ordered the detention of Roxas, and Diez answered that it was the King’s representative, Fiscal Castanos.  General Blanco said that no Adviser of his administration could be detained at Fort Santiago without his permission, and he gave orders that he be detained only at police headquarters.  This was as far as General Blanco’s power could go insofar as Roxas was concerned.  He was powerless to intervene.  And it was found later on that the King’s representative, Fiscal Castanos, to see to it that this [ sic ] orders were complied with, had secretly gone near the residence of Roxas that night.”

“That was the last night in which Francisco Roxas could stay with his family.  At 9:20 p.m. the police knocked on his door, as he was eating an “atis” for dessert.  He got up to receive them and accompanied them in their search.  He was placed under arrest afterward, causing the family much surprise and anguish.””

After Francisco’s execution, his widow Maria Elio viuda de Roxas and their six children sailed off to France.  Their business affairs were left in the hands of the lawyer Gregorio Araneta y Soriano Dy Ching [ originally of Molo, Iloilo ], who married Francisco’s niece Carmen Zaragoza y Roxas [ daughter of his first cousin Rosa Roxas y Arce married to Jose Zaragoza y Aranquizna ].  The legal representations on behalf of the Roxas-Elio family were the first big cases and legal wins of Gregorio Araneta and became the bedrock of his eventually large fortune.

The patrician raconteur Felix Roxas y Fernandez [ o 1864 – + 1936 ; Mayor of Manila from 1905 – 1917 ] related in his memoirs that after the 08 January 1897 execution of Francisco, everyone who was surnamed Roxas was subjected to all sorts of insults and indignities by the Spanish authorities.  At that time, many of Manila’s richest businessmen like Pedro Pablo Roxas, Gonzalo Tuason, and Telesforo Chuidian left the islands.

[ Gonzalo Tuason ended up in Paris, with Pedro Pablo “Perico” Roxas following some time later.  Pedro visited Gonzalo and was distressed to see his close friend and multimillionaire business partner’s humble living conditions in the Ville Lumiere.  Pedro immediately wrote to the affluent Tuasons in Manila and requested them urgently to send funds to their exiled patriarch Gonzalo in Paris.  Gonzalo Tuason, as with Pedro Pablo Roxas, never returned to Manila.  Gonzalo Tuason passed away in Paris;  he is interred at the beautiful Pere Lachaise cemetery along with his eldest daughter Elvira Tuason-Vidal. —  AVR-H through RLA-T ]

“The Odyssey of the Roxas Family” by Felix M. Roxas

“”Let us continue the story of that odyssey, which we started describing yesterday, of the Roxas-Elio family, brought about when the Philippine Revolution broke out in the last days of the month of August in the year 1896.  This was among the first families of Manila who had figured in events of this kind.  The family consisted of 6 children:  Salvador, Maria Vicente [ sic ], Juan, Presentacion, Carmen, and Javier.  The youngest had been given that name by his godfather, the Marquis of Ahumada, who had been second in command at the time of Governor General Weyler.”

“Like the destruction caused by a bolt of lightning which discharges its blinding rays of searing heat upon the main branch of a healthy tree, causing its collapse, such a calamity befell the erstwhile happy family whose main support, Francisco Roxas, was mowed down in the prime of his life.  He was accused of complicity in the rebellion against Spain, the serious crime of sedition, the usual sequel to what was being done in colonies where rebellions take place, a revenge characterized by reprisals and iniquities designed to humiliate prominent citizens.”

“Mention should be made at this time of the heroic effort, the integrity and the firmness of character of Mrs. Francisco Roxas in her attempt not only to avert a broken home but also to boost the morale and courage of her humiliated spouse.  For five long months, from the time of his arrest to the time of his execution, she had faithfully visited her beloved husband, provided him with what he needed most, and braved the disdainful glances and insulting remarks of unsympathetic people.  It took a woman of her caliber, decent and brave, faithful to the last, to uphold the integrity of the Roxas family.  On her visits to the jail, she was accompanied by her eldest daughter, now a viscountess in Bordeaux, France.”

“On the fatal day of the execution, the sonorous and doleful beat of the drums was followed by the loud report of guns which snuffed the life of Francisco Roxas and caused him to fall face forward on the sparse grass of the Luneta.  Cornelio Barroga, the faithful man Friday of the family, who, with his wife Monica, grew up and was treated as a real member of the family, rushed forward and claimed the bloodied and lifeless form of his beloved master on behalf of the Roxas clan.  Since the age of seven he had grown up with the family.”

“This loyal man, whose only fault was his being a member of the household of the accused, was also tortured by the Spanish rulers, which made him age prematurely and maimed him for life.”

“The bereaved family, after the tragedy, took a French boat of the Messageries Maritime in April, 1897, and emigrated to France.  There they occupied the lower floor of an apartment in the French seaport of Marseilles, with only the old reliable Cornelio supervising everything.  It was here in Villa Toulouse in the high Pyrenees that I and Don Pedro found them when we set out to look for them one morning.  It was at the Hotel d’Castille and Luxemburg that they met the famous [ Antonio ] Regidor.  We found the children dressed in mourning, but oblivious of the tragedy in their lives.  We were later accompanied by the oldest daughter to the bedroom of their mother.  Upon seeing us, her closest relations, she swooned and we were able to revive her only by the use of the English [ smelling ] salts.  All the time tears of anguish continued to flow for some time down her cheeks.  When Don Pedro left for Paris, I managed to stay with the family until the arrival of Don Salvador Elio, father of Dona Maria Vda. de Roxas, when I then moved to Paris.”

“In Paris a letter informed me that with her father Dona Maria had fixed her residence at St. Jean de Luz, a small city along the Gulf of Biscay, about 20 minutes from the Spanish frontier.  They chose this residence in their desire to be away from the rigors of war and trouble, aware that only thus could they ultimately lead an uninterrupted and tranquil existence.””

“The Roxas family becomes extinct” by Felix M. Roxas

“”It could be truly said that Providence had safeguarded the Francisco L. Roxas family and did not permit it to sink into misery in spite of the unfortunate and unexpected incidents that befell it.  The first of these incidents was the arrest, incarceration, and execution of my cousin and head of the family for complicity with the Philippine Revolution.  The second was the demise of a close relative in the person of Alfredo Ferrer y Roxas, who left his immense fortune to the children of the family.”

“The third incident was the consequent emigration of the whole afflicted Roxas family to France which necessitated the appointment of the distinguished lawyer of proven integrity, Don Gregorio Araneta, a childhood friend of mine, as general administrator of the Roxas properties in Manila.  Don Gregorio’s participation in the Malolos Republic caused some anxiety to the Roxas family in France because he was away from Manila for two or three months, and could not be reached by correspondence.”

“Salvador Elio Roxas, my cousin’s eldest son and a classmate at the Ateneo Municipal of the celebrated jurist, Norberto Romualdez, had to give up his vocation of being a soldier in the land of his birth when his family moved to France.  He had been a classmate of Major Enrique Carrion at the Military Academy in Manila directed by the Filipino captain of engineers, Yrureta y Goyena.  Once in Paris he enrolled in a military school to continue with his vocation.  It was true that he was able to continue his studies in the military academy of St. Cyr in Paris, that he became a captain of the Foreign Legion, and that he was a veteran of World War I in 1914, but one of his disappointments in life was that he was not able to serve the country of his birth.  He was wounded on the second day of the war in Dinan, and now [ 1933 ] lives in retirement.”

“Another nephew of mine, Juan, who studied in Manchester, England, perished in an air battle in Liege, Belgium, in the same war.  The third and last son of this broken family was my nephew, Javier Elio Roxas, who died in Belgium in an automobile accident just before the first global war.”

“My three nieces all got married to French citizens and have therefore ceased to be Filipinos.  And to cap it all, the beloved mother of this family, who had to bear the brunt of the unexpected strokes of fate which embittered the last years of her life, died in the peace of the Lord several years ago in Nice, that mecca of romance and of vacationists on the beautiful Riviera.”

“Of this family of eight, not one was able to live and die under the protection of our own flag.  Such is the sad story of this once prominent family of Manila.””

Eleven years later in 1908 during the American regime, Francisco’s son, Major Salvador Roxas y Elio of the French Army [ who would later become a twice-decorated hero of World War I ], finally visited Manila.  Years later in 1934, his sister Carmen Roxas de Drufraisseix also visited Manila.

“Pride of both France and the Philippines” by Felix M. Roxas

“”A concrete, modern edifice in Intramuros de Manila, of recent construction, which housed two Court of First Instance quarters and which was built during the American regime, is precisely located on the site where the antiquated pavilion  of the Preparatory Military Academy of the Spanish era was located.  This academy was then headed by Ramon Yrureta y Goyena, Captain of the Royal Corps of Engineers, and functioned until the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution in 1896 when it had to close its doors.  Among the pupils of the last course offered by the academy was Salvador Roxas Elio, eldest son of Francisco L. Roxas, well-known supplier of ships and distinguished businessman who also concurrently held the position of Administrative Adviser to the Central Government.”

“This 16 year old youngster had to give up his military career due to the unfortunate arrest and execution of his father that led the whole family to emigrate to France early in 1897.  They settled down in the quiet, little town of San Juan de Luz, in the lower Pyrenees, a place close to the heart of Dona Maria Elio de Roxas.”

“In the autumn of the year 1897 Salvador was enrolled by his mother in the preparatory military course of the Academy of St. Cyr in Paris, which he easily passed, entitling him to enter the military college of the academy.  He graduated several years later, was commissioned first lieutenant of the French armed forces, and was later assigned to other military posts of that republic.”

“In March of 1908, discharging the duties of Mayor of Manila, I was advised by Don Gregorio Araneta, administrator of the Roxas interests in the city, that my nephew, Salvador Roxas Elio, one of the aides of the Governor of French Indochina, would pass Manila on his way to France, and would stay here for one week.  This bit of news was rapidly relayed to the relatives and friends of the visitor.  When the honored guest arrived, he was lodged in the palatial house of the Aranetas on R. Hidalgo street.”

“I had secured for my nephew a transient membership in the Army and Navy Club, of which I was a regular member.  Besides, I held in his honor a banquet in the same club, coinciding with the Ladies Night offering of the organization.  The cream of Manila society — about 40 guests — was invited during the banquet, to which even the American military commander in the Philippines sent his aide as a representative.”

“The honored guest, resplendent in his French major’s uniform with gold braids, was greatly eulogized by many admirers in Spanish and in English; the latter praise was made by the City Engineer of Manila who was then an American.”

“When his turn to speak came, Major Roxas told his audience that much as he wanted to speak to them in English, he could not do so because of a specific ruling of the French army to speak only in French in all public affairs.  In spite of this, the guest was warmly applauded, specially for his proficiency in speaking Spanish, English and French.”

“The dance after the banquet was a successful affair which the guests enjoyed immensely.”

“During the first world war, Major Roxas was among the first to engage in battle as Captain of the Foreign Legion and was wounded in a skirmish at Dinan, Belgium.  This French official of Filipino birth and parentage still lives [ 1933 ].  He now holds the rank of Major and has been decorated twice with the medal of the Legion of Honor in Nice, France.””

“Madame Carmen Roxas Drufraisseix” by Felix M. Roxas

“”Early in January of 1934, I received an urgent telephone call and I rose wondering who would call me from outside at that hour of the day.  The call came from the daughter of Mrs. Gregorio Araneta who informed me that my niece, Carmen Roxas Elio, who had become Mrs. Drufraisseix, was arriving on the s.s. President Wilson on the eleventh of January.  It should be mentioned in passing that the widow, Mrs. Carmen Zaragoza de Araneta, was related to the Roxases, not only because Don Gregorio had been administrator of the estate of Francisco L. Roxas, but also because she was a niece of my unfortunate cousin.”

“I received the news of my niece’s impending arrival joyfully because she had left the Philippines when she was barely eleven years old and was now returning after an absence of 37 years [ 1897-1934 ].  She was the younger daughter of my late cousin Francisco, whose tragic death on Bagumbayan Field was a result of the Philippine Revolution of 1896.”

“I still recall the heroic effort of my cousin’s widow, Maria Elio, in meeting the tragic effects of being left alone and abandoned with her six children, and her decision to emigrate to France after leaving  the administration of her husband’s estate in the able hands of Gregorio Araneta who, after all, was married to a niece of the family.”

“Don Pedro P. Roxas and I, who were both in Paris when the family arrived at Marseilles, were anxious to visit them, but the arrival of Romero Robledo and his party spoiled this plan of ours.  We escorted the Romeros in their three-day visit to Toulouse and had informed him of the important events in the Philippines including the confiscation of the estate of Don Pedro and the execution of Don Francisco.”

“After the departure of the Romero party, my cousin and I visited Dona Maria in Marseilles.  I lack words to describe the pathetic meeting with her and her children.  Don Pedro returned alone to Paris, while I stayed to help the family put their affairs in order.  Don Salvador Elio, the 90 year-old father of the widow, came from Pamplona, Spain to help settle the family at San Juan de Luz in France.”

“I was glad to see my niece on the only visit she made to the country of her birth.  She had been away such a long time.””

Zaragoza-Roxas granddaughters Maria del Carmen “Carminia” Lopez Araneta-Segovia and Maria Regina Lopez Araneta-Teodoro [ granddaughters of Carmen Zaragoza y Roxas and Gregorio Araneta y Soriano ] remember the visits of their Tia Presentacion Roxas, daughter of Francisco Roxas and Maria Elio.

Juan Roxas was one of the twelve sons [ actually fifteen children ] of Antonio Roxas de Ureta and Lucina Arroyo.  The other siblings were:  Mariano Leon Roxas [ married Carmen Arce ], the Europe-trained architect Felix Roxas [ married Cornelia Fernandez ], the Paris-based painter Felipe Roxas [ married Raymunda Chuidian of Manila ], Rafael Roxas [ married Victoriana Manio of Calumpit, Bulacan ], and Andres Roxas [ married Eleuteria Punzalan of Calauan, Laguna ].

Mariano Leon Roxas y Arroyo and Carmen Arce had a daughter, Rosa, who because of her considerable entrepreneurial abilities became the richest of the many Roxas cousins.  Rosa Roxas y Arce became the second wife of the Spanish mestizo widower Jose Zaragoza y Aranquizna.  Rosa and Jose had six children:  Natividad [ married Demetrio Tuason ], Carmen [ married Gregorio Araneta y Soriano Dy Ching ], Elias [ married Rosario Velez y Rodriguez Infante ], Salvador [ married Carolina Tuason ], Ramon [ married Trinidad Matute; married Juanita Marin ], and Margarita [ married Carlos Preysler y Gonzales ].  Rosa Roxas de Zaragoza became the ancestress of the Tuason-Zaragoza, the Araneta-Zaragoza [ de R. Hidalgo ], the Zaragoza-Velez, the Zaragoza-Tuason, and the Preysler-Zaragoza.

[ An interesting note:  Jose Zaragoza y Aranquizna had a mistress and they were the forebears of famous show business personalities Pilita Corrales and Bert Nievera. — SA, notes ]

The distinguished architect Felix Roxas y Arroyo and Cornelia Fernandez had a son, Felix, and a daughter, Lucina.  Felix Roxas y Fernandez [ Mayor of Manila, 1905 – 1917 ] married Carmen Moreno Lacalle and had a daughter, Florencia Roxas y Moreno Lacalle who married Alfredo Rodriguez Infante.  Lucina Roxas y Fernandez married Enrique Brias de Coya.  Felix Roxas y Fernandez became the ancestor of the Infante-Roxas and his sister Lucina Roxas de Brias became the ancestress of the Brias-Roxas.

Antonio Roxas de Ureta was a brother of Domingo Roxas de Ureta who married Maria Saturnina Ubaldo.  They had three children:  Margarita Roxas [ married Antonio de Ayala ], Jose Bonifacio Roxas [ married Juana de Castro { y Lim } viuda de Fernandez ], and Mariano Roxas who became the ancestors of today’s Roxas-de Ayala-Zobel-Soriano clan.


Acknowledgments:  “The World of Felix Roxas,”  Filipiniana Book Guild;  Salvador Araneta y Zaragoza, notes;  Carmen Lopez Araneta-Segovia;  Regina Lopez Araneta-Teodoro;  Ramon Rossello Zaragoza;  Rebecca Villavicencio-Aranaz.



  1. Anavilou Roxas said,

    June 9, 2014 at 5:16 pm


    I am really impressed with this blog, and thank you really for all the information gained here. It is wonderful to be taken centuries back to the grandeur and elegance back then, a culture of a totally different world.

    My uncle, the late Dr. Beltran Roxas had compiled a family tree decades back; he and my father, Benjamin, were the only children of Benjamin Sr from the line of Caetano/Juan Pablo/Antonio (brother of Domingo). Sadly, after my uncle’s death the book was lost as it was customarily lent to trace new-found cousins. I, myself, did not get to see the book as I was the youngest among siblings as well as cousins.

    Reading here about the Roxas family ancestry and also realizing that those who have previously left comments here could possibly help out; it would be great to reconstruct what we lost.

    I remember from oral accounts during family reunions of the clan in Roxas City, Capiz (Capiz where Margarita Roxas Ayala had nipa plantations overseen by her cousin and my great-great grandfather, Juan Pablo); that there originally were two Roxas brothers who came to the Philippines; Domingo and Benedicto. So with no written account, the family tree before Juan Pablo de Roxas, was as Don Salvador Araneta who is also a Roxas descendant, once put it as “shrouded in the mist of time”.

    Now we can only endeavor to connect what came after to complete our tree. It would be really wonderful to hear back from long lost relatives to complete what we have.

    First, I need to ask, would anyone know who is the third child/son of Mariano Roxas Ureta (1758-1807), aside from Domingo and Antonio?

    Also, who are the other children of Caetano aside from Benedicto, and Antonio, the grandfather of the late President Manuel Roxas?

  2. Jose Luis "Linggoy" Zaragoza Araneta/Tuason Alcuaz said,

    April 12, 2014 at 4:33 pm

    I remembrt when Tia Presentacion came I was still a little boy. I was born on Oct 12, 1948. Our dining room was being renovated. I remember that the construction had to be overtimed because she was arriving and we were going to have a party at home with her as the guest.

  3. Jose Luis "Linggoy" Zaragoza Araneta/Tuason Alcuaz said,

    April 12, 2014 at 10:08 am

    Hi! Good PM Poe!
    Are You Toto? Where is this Blog located? It gives a different time.
    I’m Linggoy, a descendant , great grandchild of Rosa Roxas through my mother Rosa Araneta y Zaragoza and grandmother Carmen Zaragoza y Roxas and great great great great great grandchild of Col/Lt Col Antonio Tuason (of British Occupation of Manila 1862 – 65 fame.) through my father Manuel Alcuaz y Tuason and grandmother Mariana Aurelia Tuason.
    I missed Bishop Eric’s visit because the VictonetaMalabon Mass and Dinner was on Feb 25, 2010. It was the Anniversary of EDSA I and Proclamation Rally of Noy – Mar at the Araneta Coliseum. Both Mar Araneta Roxas and I were there.
    However, I was able to meet Veronique (and Christian), the great grand daughter of Franciso L Reyes Roxas and Elio four times = a reunion at Lina’s, a picnic at Hidden Valley and two lunches after Manila Tours..

  4. Jose Luis "Linggoy" Zaragoza Araneta/Tuason Alcuaz said,

    April 12, 2014 at 9:47 am


  5. Veronique Skawinska said,

    February 17, 2013 at 6:39 pm

    My grandmother Presentacion mentioned often Tuason. I think she was very linked to some of her Tuason cousins. end me pictures anf also your genealogy tree in order to see where is our family link.

  6. Veronique Skawinska said,

    February 17, 2013 at 6:33 pm

    Hello cousin !
    Francisco Roxas was my grandmother’s father. When he was executed in 1897, his wife, my great grandmother, took her 6 children to her homeland, the Basque country. But, because the Spaniards killed her husband, she refused to join her father in Pamplona in the spanish Basque country, but settled north of Pyrenees, in the French Basque country, in St Jean de Luz & Biarritz. My grandmother, Presentacion Roxas lived in Biarritz & that’s the reason why I decided to move there for my retirement age.
    I intend to visit Philippines next year : maybe we can meet in Manila …


  7. February 17, 2013 at 4:37 pm

    Tant Veronique,

    je suis heureuse que je me trouve quelq’un qui recherche ses racines de roxas.

    je suis sur que le francisco roxas sur le livre histoire de bocaue, bulacan est la trop meme – ton arriere grand-pere francisco.

    si mon theorie a raison, je laisesera savoir. en ce moment, je voudrais montre quel que photos de mon famille. je pense que mon grand-pere est ton cousin… mais il est mort; tout. They are four children of alvaro roxas and faustina tuazon of bocaue. our family never really talked of the past because there maybe sad stories. i know two uncles who are free masons.

    (pictures to be sent if she wants to see)

    Tout au moins, savoir que vous etes toujours bienvenus chez nous.

    alma rose

  8. Veronique Skawinska said,

    January 2, 2013 at 7:51 am

    Francisco Roxas (my great grand father) was son of Juan Roxas and Vicenta Reyes. Juan Roxas and his brother Mariano (married to Carmen Gomez) were sons of Antonio Roxas and Lucia Arroyo. That’s all I know as I’m not familiar with Philippines !
    Veronique Skawinska

  9. January 1, 2013 at 10:12 pm

    Thank you for all these information…

    Also, my father mentioned that my great-great grandmother of Tuazon family would sell their lands to other Roxas relatives in Taal, Bocaue, Bulacan because she raised a combo ensemble.

    Now. I maybe compelled to research on the history of combo in the Philippines which is practically nothing.

    alma rose

  10. December 24, 2012 at 5:35 am

    alma rose roxas:

    The one Roxas-Arroyo sibling documented to have resided in Bulacan, specifically in Calumpit town, was Rafael Roxas y Arroyo who married Victoriana Manio from there. They were the parents of Fr. Manuel Roxas, Josefa “Pepita” Roxas with whom King Norodom I of Cambodia was smitten, her sister Ana Roxas, et. al..

    It is possible that some of the Roxases in Bulacan are descended from Rafael Roxas y Arroyo of Binondo and Victoriana Manio of Calumpit.

    Toto Gonzalez

  11. December 23, 2012 at 11:34 pm

    alma rose roxas:

    As mentioned above, (Bagumbayan martyr) Francisco L. Roxas y Reyes married Maria Elio of Pamplona, Spain and they lived in a house on Calle Marques de Comillas, Manila.

    Francisco L. Roxas y Reyes was the son of Juan Roxas and Vicenta Reyes, both of Binondo, Manila.

    Juan Roxas was one of the 12 sons/15 children of Antonio Roxas de Ureta and Lucina Arroyo, both of Binondo, Manila. (Antonio Roxas de Ureta was a brother of Domingo Roxas, the progenitor of the Roxas-de Ayala-Zobel-Soriano clan.)

    Unless Francisco L. Roxas y Reyes owned property in Bocaue, Bulacan (and it is possible), the “Francisco Roxas” listed as “a musician and a businessman” in the Bocaue, Bulacan registries may have been a different person.

    (However, according to Felix Roxas, his first cousin Francisco L. Roxas y Reyes was a musical person and he singlehandedly sponsored, rehearsed, and conducted the 80-man orchestra during the wedding of his niece Margarita Roxas (y) de Ayala to the Spanish engineer Eduardo Soriano y Sanz in the 1890s held in the elegant Roxas-de Ayala residence along Calle General Solano, San Miguel, Manila.)

    Toto Gonzalez

  12. December 23, 2012 at 5:21 pm

    my late father would also be always emphatic whenever he met a certain Manio when he was still alive, calling him “kamag-anak” with so much pitch and fondness.

  13. December 23, 2012 at 5:16 pm

    plus, i remember reading in one of your blog posts the suggestion that the roxases in bulacan hailed from a certain roxas ancestor. all of my roxas grandparents were indeed catholic devotees… unfortunately, they haven’t told us before they pass away how we were related to the late president. =) but then, some of our roxas relatives here in bocaue found an association with the branch of mar roxas (DILG Sec). there is once a DOH undersecretary manuel roxas (from capiz or cebu)?

    is alvaro descended from caetano roxas? if yes, it means we probably came from antonio roxas y ureta… through his son juan roxas…

    i really want to verify/see connection between francisco roxas and alvaro roxas… because there is also probability that we are not from caetano roxas branch…

    my late father used to be a local politician in bocaue, bulacan. the family is so big, and all i remember is how the old ones fought among themselves for land and government position..

    thanks in advance.

  14. December 23, 2012 at 5:02 pm

    Francisco Roxas (one of the 13 martyrs of bagumbayan) is on the local history of bocaue, bulacan, as a musician and businessman. Given francisco’s time, my father’s great grandfather named alvaro roxas married to a faustina tuason (son tua) seemed contemporaries. I know that alvaro also owned lands (according to my late father, almost the whole of what is now brgy taal, bocaue used to belong to his great grandpa and its brothers. We have relations in cebu and sta. cruz, manila, but really not sure in which sons of the common ancestor juan pablo roxas my family branch belonged? Will you help me Mr. Gonzalez?

  15. November 7, 2012 at 8:21 am

    Love the blog after I read portion on the Roxas clan. The lines seemed cut from my side. I wish to know where we are connected.

  16. Véronique Skawinska said,

    August 7, 2011 at 6:28 pm

    Thanks Toto
    Can you tell me how I could get in touch with my relatives ? Is this blog the good way ?

  17. August 7, 2011 at 3:52 pm



    Your Roxas-Elio family has many relatives here in Manila: the descendants of the Roxas first cousins of your great-grandfather Francisco Reyes Roxas. Several of them are prominent and respected personages. Many of them attended the mass and reception for your nephew Bishop Eric Marie de Moulins d’Amieu de Beaufort last February 2010.

    Many of your Manila relatives visit Europe, specially Spain, France, and the UK, once, twice, thrice or more a year. They will want to visit you near Saint Jean de Luz..


    Toto Gonzalez

  18. Véronique Skawinska said,

    August 7, 2011 at 10:30 am

    I am the grand-daughter of Presentacion Roxas-Skawinski. I am French and live in France near St Jean de Luz in the basque country where my grand-mother came at the age of 12 after her father Franscisco Roxas was executed.
    I have been looking for informations about the real story of Francisco Roxas : my grand-mother (who died around 1975) didn’t speak much about it because I suppose she preferred to forget the horror of her childhood.
    I would like very much to meet my Philipino cousins, either in france or in Manila where I never went.

  19. Kathleen Moreno-Lacalle said,

    March 12, 2011 at 2:25 pm

    hello, i just want to ask if the ancestors of these people is jose moreno nieto,i am looking for our relatives in spain. thanks

  20. Jojo Roxas said,

    December 18, 2010 at 1:20 am

    toto gonzalez said,

    February 18, 2010 at 4:01 pm


    Thank you for that important piece of information!!!

    Are you a descendant of theirs? How wonderful!

    Toto Gonzalez

    Hi Toto,

    You’re welcome.

    Yes, i’m from Calauan, Laguna. My great grandfather is Antonio Roxas, son of Andres Roxas and Eleuteria Punzalan, and my grandfather Francisco is the youngest brother of Eufrocino Roxas of Hidden Valley Resort.

  21. Augusto Roxas said,

    December 17, 2010 at 7:45 am

    Hello Enrique.

    Thank you very much for the wealth of information you posted. I think you’re right, Eufrocino Roxas was a manager of Hacienda Calauan. I know he used to work for a certain Evaristo Roxas (his relative, not sure what degree).

  22. Enrique Bustos said,

    July 4, 2010 at 4:50 am

    Encomienda system was employed by the Miguel Lopez de Legaspi to organize the new Spanish colony (Philippines).

    Miguel Lopez de Legaspi distributed 98 encomiendas among the first Spanish colonists, following the practice that begun in the Americas during the time of Christopher Columbus. Under the encomienda system, the native inhabitants in a given geographic region were entrusted to an encomendero or trustee as a reward for his service to the Spanish Crown. This system was not a land tenure. The encomendero had specific responsibilities such as, to protect and to educate the natives in reading, writing and Catholic doctrines. In return, the encomendero was authorized to collect tribute from the natives and to recruit workers for the polos y servicios. The encomendero also had no political authority or jurisdiction over the Filipinos but he could be appointed to a post in the colonial government.

    Although the intent of this system was to organize the colony and indoctrinate the natives in Catholicism, it became a tool of oppression and exploitation by the encomenderos. The encomienda was used as a pretext to seize the lands of the natives, arbitrarily increase the tributes and forced the natives into slavery. Moreover, encomiendas which was a privilege granted for a lifetime, became a hereditary grant. Through an order of the Spanish king, encomiendas were extended to two life terms, that is, granting to the encomendero’s children. Later it was extended to three life terms in favor of the grandchildren. Through several generations, the number of encomiendas decreased as the encomenderos and their descendants died or returned to Spain, and their encomiendas reverted to the government. In 1650, there were about 241 private encomiendas, but 200 years later, only 11 were held by the encomenderos’ sons and their descendants

  23. Enrique Bustos said,

    July 2, 2010 at 12:01 pm

    There are four types of land owned by the Catholic Church in the Philippines first one is owned by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila second is owned by the different orders like the Jesuits Dominicans Recollects & Agustinians third is the lands owned by the different local Parishes Fourth is owned by the Churches different Foundations

    Among the Lands owned by The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila are the FF.
    1.Buenavista Estate 27,400 hectares in Bulacan
    2.Dinalupihan Estate 4,150 hectares in Bataan

    The University of Santo Tomas used to own the Hacienda San Pedro Tunasan 2,287 hectares in Laguna it was leased to different families like Gregorio Alvarez and Florencio Alvarez then the Binan side was leased to the Jaojocos,Gana,Bayani,Yaptinchay families and Carlos Young

    Hacienda Lian was leased first to Fernando Araya then Antonio Roxas owner of Hacienda Nasugbu and Calatagan

    The Dominicans owned the Following Haciendas
    2.Lolomboy in Bulacan 5,177 hectares
    3.Sta Cruz Malabon 9,795 hectares
    4.Naic in Cavite 7,264 hectares
    5.Binan in Laguna 3,659 hectares
    6.Sta Rosa in Laguna 5,470 hectares
    7.Calamba in Laguna13,673 hectares
    8.Orion in Bataan 916 hectares
    9.Sta Maria in Bulacan 10,342 hectares

    The Agustinnians owned the Following Haciendas
    1.Imus in Cavite 1,821hectares
    2.San Jose in Mindoro 23,266 hectares

    The Recollects owned the Following Haciendas
    1.Guiguinto in Bulacan 945 hectares
    2.Malinta in Valenzuela 3,574 hectares
    3.Tala 6,696 hectares Piedad 3,860 hectares
    6.San Francisco de Malabon 11,449 hectares
    7.Isabela in Isabela 19,891 hectares
    8.Muntinlupa 2,827 hectares
    9.Binagbag 294 hectares
    10.Dampol 928 hectares
    11.San Marcos 87 hectares
    12.Matamo 11 hectares
    13.Banilad in Cebu 1,924 hectares
    14.Talisay Minglanilla in Cebu

    Jesuits owned the Following Haciendas

  24. Dr. Taddy Buyson Gonzales said,

    April 26, 2010 at 11:59 am

    thank you for all the trivia!

    they are very interesting!

    this is another tough item, would you know something about the “encomienda system” during the Spanish times?

    did you come across a list of who were the early local beneficiaries of the church?

    that would be a great revelation!

  25. Enrique Bustos said,

    April 26, 2010 at 2:26 am

    The other children of Antonio Roxas & Lucina Arroyo are
    1. Jose Roxas
    2. Rita Roxas
    3. Silvestre Roxas
    4. Paulina Roxas married Saturnino Roxas
    5. Agapito Roxas married Maria Salamanca
    6. Cataluna Roxas married Jose Ma. Lao
    7. Guillerma Roxas married Ignacio Garcia

  26. Enrique Bustos said,

    April 25, 2010 at 4:52 am

    “”Gonzalo Tuason y Patino married the Spanish aristocrat Isabel viuda de Gil de Sola. Gonzalo’s fortune survived through his two natural and nine legitimate children, in particular with Carolina [ grandmother of the Ortolls ] and Dr. Manuel [ grandfather of the Todas ]. Gonzalo’s daughter Carolina Tuason married the prominent lawyer Salvador Zaragoza y Roxas and together they accumulated a large fortune. Their only child and sole heiress is Concepcion Zaragoza y Tuason who married Jose Antonio Ortoll of Barcelona on the inauspicious day of December 8, 1941, the day of the Japanese invasion.”

    “Gonzalo Tuason y Patino and his daughter Elvira Tuason-Vidal are interred in their family plot at the Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris, France. It is located near the tomb of the English writer Oscar Wilde and is accessed through the Gambetta gate.”

    The remains of his widow Isabel [ viuda de Gil de Sola ] viuda de Tuason and their other children are interred in a crypt in Santuario de San Antonio in Forbes Park, Makati: Isabel Gil de Sola vda. de Tuason born 03/17/1858 died 6/10/1935;
    Jose Gil de Sola Tuason born 4/18/1881 died 3/2/1927;
    Juan Gil de Sola Tuason born 1/5/1890 died 5/20/1942;
    Manuel Gil de Sola Tuason born 10/31/1895 died 12/3/1952;
    Ana Maria Gil de Sola Tuason Valdes born 6/26/1896 died 4/16/1964;
    Carolina Gil de Sola Tuason Zaragoza born 10/10/1881 died 6/15/1980.

    “Rafael Roxas, another son of Antonio Roxas and Lucina Arroyo who married Victoriana Manio of Calumpit, Bulacan their
    Children were Fr. Manuel Roxas, Josefa Roxas, and Ana Roxas. Josefa “Pepita” was the girl King Norodom I of Cambodia fell in love with while he was visiting the Philippines; they met at a ball given by the Arnedos in Sulipan, Apalit, Pampanga. The King gave two important jewels to the two sisters who in turned donated the jewelry to the image of the ‘La Naval de Manila’ at the Santo Domingo Church.””

  27. Enrique Bustos said,

    April 19, 2010 at 8:28 am

    The 27,400 hectares Hacienda Buenavista in Bulacan through its revenues supports the “San Juan de Dios” hospital in Manila,It became under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila when the brothers of San Jose was disbanded during the latter part of the 19th century it was then was placed in the jurisdiction of the San Juan de Dios Hospital. The Philippine Government held a 25-year lease contract on said estate, with an option to purchase it for P3,000,000 within the same period of 25 years counted from January 1, 1939. The occupation Republic of the Philippines purported to exercise that option by tendering to the owner the sum of P3,000,000 and, upon its rejection, by depositing it in court on June 21, 1944, together with the accrued rentals amounting to P3,224,000. Since 1939 the Government has remained in possession of the estate.

    On June 29, 1946, the San Juan de Dios Hospital sold the Buenavista Estate for P5,000,000 to Ernest H. Burt, who made a down payment of P10,000 only and agreed to pay P5,000,000 within one year and the remainder in annual installments of P500,000 each, with the stipulation that failure on his part to make any of said payments would cause the forfeiture of his down payment of P10,000 and would entitle the Hospital to rescind to sale to him. Aside from the down payment of P10,000, Burt has made no other payment on account of the purchase price of said estate.

    It became a big scandal during the administration of then President Elpidio Quirino when the Government bought the Buenavista Estate -Tambobong Estate that reportedly involved a presidential brother named Antonio Quirino the Senate investigated the purchase of the Tambobong-Buenavista estate by the Philippine government, through the Rural Progress Administration, for the aggregate sum of five million pesos it is reported that under the decision of the Supreme Court dated October 31, 1949, the Buenavista Estate could have been bought for three million pesos by virtue of a contract entered into between the San Juan de Dios Hospital and Philippine Government in 1939 it is even alleged that the Philippine Government did not have to purchase the Buenavista Estate because the occupation government had made tender of payment in the amount of three million pesos, Japanese currency, which fact is believed sufficient to vest title of Ownership in the Republic of the Philippines pursuant to decisions of the Supreme Court sustaining the validity of payments made in Japanese military notes during the occupation it is reported that the Philippine Government did not have to pay a single centavo for the Tambobong Estate as it was already practically owned by virtue of a deed of sale from the Philippine Trust Company dated September 3, 194, for seven hundred and fifty thousand pesos, and by virtue of the recission of the contract through which Ernest H. Burt had an interest in the estate; the senate committee that investigated the deal asked one witness named Jean Arnault was asked to whom he had paid the sum of P440,000 as part of the agreed price, but he said he could not remember. The Senate then ordered him confined in the national penitentiary to improve his selective memory.Arnault sought relief from the Supreme Court but got nowhere. The justices denied his plea and said that his release depended on him alone. They held that all he needed to do was answer the legitimate question put to him by the Senate and he could then go free.

  28. Dr. Taddy Buyson Gonzales said,

    February 26, 2010 at 2:07 am


    Thank you for the info on San Juan de Dios hospital. I believe most of the prominent physicians in the early times were doctors there and some bequeathed their properties to the hospital out of gratitude.

    How about the BUENAVISTA ESTATE, would you know something about that too?

  29. Presy Guevara said,

    February 25, 2010 at 5:09 pm

    Enrique, thanks a bunch. I sincerely value the information.

  30. Enrique Bustos said,

    February 24, 2010 at 1:27 pm


    All i know is that vast haciendas of Nasugbu, Lian and Calatagan were leased by the King of Spain to Don Fernando de Araya, a Spaniard. Upon the expiration of the lease, the Nasugbu Estate was sold by the King to the Isaac family of zambales, the head of which was a Spanish mestizo. When Senor Isaac died, his widow Isabela sold the estate to Don Pascual Jugo (for PhP 20,000.00) who, after a few years, sold it Don Pedro Roxas for PhP 60,000.00.

  31. Enrique Bustos said,

    February 24, 2010 at 3:49 am


    You are right thank you for correcting my comment because i wrote it very late that night i was confused what i meant was Antonio Roxas de Ureta and Lucina Arroyo may be the ancestor of Eufrocino Roxas owner of the 45 hectares Hidden Spring Valley in Calauan Laguna but this information needs more research.About the Ancestor of the Late President Manuel Roxas i double checked it in the book 1031 R Hidalgo by Tonypet Araneta and found that the great grand father of Manuel Roxas is Cayetano Roxas brother of Mariano Maximo Roxas (1758-1807) father of Antonio Roxas y Ureta

  32. February 22, 2010 at 6:14 pm


    Wouldn’t Eufrocino Roxas logically be a descendant of the “Calauan Roxas”: Andres Roxas y Arroyo married to Eleuteria Punzalan? Andres Roxas y Arroyo was a paternal first cousin of the hacendero Jose Bonifacio Roxas y Ubaldo.

    I may not have come across it in my readings yet, but it seems to me that the family of Juan Roxas y Arroyo and Vicenta Reyes [ the parents of the unfortunate Francisco L. Roxas y Reyes ], being based in Binondo, did not have anything to do with the management of the Hacienda Calauan of Jose Bonifacio Roxas y Ubaldo [ a paternal first cousin of the Roxas-Arroyo siblings ]. The raconteur Felix Roxas y Fernandez described Vicenta Reyes of Binondo as a rich, propertied lady; he hinted that she was far richer than her husband.

    According to Salvador Araneta, the antecedents of President Manuel Roxas can be traced upwards to the Roxas grandfather of the siblings Domingo and Antonio Roxas de Ureta.

    Just my two cents’ worth…

    Toto Gonzalez

  33. Enrique Bustos said,

    February 22, 2010 at 5:30 pm

    Eufrocino Roxas owner of the Hidden Valley resort in Alaminos and Calauan was the former manager of the Hacienda Calauan i think he is also descendant of Juan Roxas and Vicenta Reyes just like the ancestor of the late President Manuel Roxas who is also a descendant of Juan Roxas and Vicenta Reyes.

  34. Enrique Bustos said,

    February 20, 2010 at 3:57 am


    The SAN JUAN DE DIOS EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION, INCORPORATED, formerly HOSPITAL DE SANJUAN DE DIOS, is the oldest hospital in the Philippines. The hospital started with the arrival of Franciscan missionaries in the country on June 24, 1578. Among them was a lay brother, Fray Juan Clemente. Unable to learn the language of the natives, he devoted his time studying the medicinal value of the tropical plants in curing diseases of the sick and the poor. The Franciscan porteria in Intramuros was converted into a dispensary. Later that year, Fray Clemente built a nipa hut and bamboo hospital with two yards of 300 square meters each. This was further increased into three with the arrival in 1590 of Fray Juan Fernandez de Leon, who later become the first hospital chaplain.

    In April 16, 1954, the Confraternity of Mercy (Hermanidad de la Misericordia) was established initially to look for aids and support of the third war. Eventually in 1596, it took charge of the hospital.

    A fire and an earthquake in 1603 and 1645 respectively drained the confraternity’s resources. This made the confraternity decide to hand over the management of the hospital to the Brothers of St. John of God. It was then known as Hospital San Juan de Dios.

    The brothers devoted themselves to the care of the sick and performed their task and zeal. The hospital was restructured and the practice of naming wards started. Another earthquake destroyed the hospital in 1863. On August 29, 1866, the Spanish government ordered the transfer of the religious order to Cavite. The hospital was temporarily entrusted to the Council of Inspectors.

    Two years later, the Council turned over the hospital’s administration to the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul. This was in conformity with the Royal Order of Queen Isabella II of Spain.

    In 1880, an earthquake partially destroyed the hospital. Two years later, the Hospital was once again rehabilitated.

    During the Spanish period most patients were indigents. With the advent of the American regime, the patient increased when “pay patients” were admitted.

    In 1913, the School for Nursing was established. It gained reputation as one of the best Nursing Schools during the Pre-World War period. In 1936, the Hospital de san Juan De Dios became the largest private hospital in the country. However, it was completely destroyed during the Liberation of Manila 1944.

    In 1952, the HOSPITAL DE SAN JUAN DE DIOS, relocated in its present location along the then Dewey (now Roxas) Boulevard. It was functioning as a private tertiary hospital with an outpatient services section completely dedicated to servicing indigent patients. At present, the hospital has an authorized two hundred thirty one (231) bed capacity. By 1972, the departmentalization of the hospital began with the establishment of the four clinical departments: Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics and Surgery. Training programs for residents were put up in 1979-1980, while the Post-Graduate Inter Training Program started in 1981.

    The HOSPITAL SAN JUAN DE DIOS became an Educational Foundation in 1991. It is now known as SAN JUAN DED DIOS EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION, INC., a non-stock, non- profit organization dedicated to helping the poor.

    The hospital despite its mode architecture and up-to-date facilities, is steeped in tradition. Its history of charity in the Philippines for it grew as the nation grew. It owes its existence to countless generations of men and women who labored and spent their fortune to provide charity, at which, offers rewards far more precious than material wealth and honor. The verdict of more than 426 years has proven that.

  35. February 18, 2010 at 4:01 pm


    Thank you for that important piece of information!!!

    Are you a descendant of theirs? How wonderful!

    Toto Gonzalez

  36. Dr. Taddy Buyson Gonzales said,

    February 18, 2010 at 3:10 pm

    Enrique Bustos

    would you know something about the history of the Ospital de San Juan de Dios?
    was it a goverment owned hospital or a private foundation then?

    or where, how could I research on it?

    thank you..

  37. Presy Guevara said,

    February 18, 2010 at 1:27 pm

    Muchisimas gracias Enrique. I am sharing the information you posted about Don Pedro Roxas to my fellow Nasugbuenos. Now, I have to ask, do you have any tracking of the Isaac family? I know the owners of the Isaac Gun Store in Manila were descendants of the original owners of land in Nasugbu. The gun store has changed hands and probably does not exist anymore. I’ve lost contact with them since the 60s. Tio Asiong Isaac used to live across from the Santissimo Rosario Shrine in Quezon City. Also, there are Alix families in Nasugbu, Cebu and Cavite. That family name does not sound very hispanic. Do you have anything on that line?

  38. Jojo Roxas said,

    February 18, 2010 at 12:20 pm

    Andres Roxas [ married Eleuteria Punzalan of Calauan, Laguna ] both buried in Calauan Church.

  39. Enrique Bustos said,

    February 18, 2010 at 5:10 am

    “”Pedro Pablo Roxas y de Castro was a financier, industrialist, civic worker and the first capitalist and manager of San Miguel Corporation. He was considered, along with Don Jacobo Zobel y Zangroniz and Don Gonzalo Tuason, one of the richest men of the Philippines in late 19th century. He was affectionately called Perico.”

    “Don Pedro was born on June 28, 1847. His father was Don Jose Bonifacio Roxas and his mother was Doña Juana de Castro. His father was the pioneer businessman Domingo Roxas and his aunt was equally famous Doña Margarita Roxas de Ayala.”

    “He studied in Intramuros, Manila. Don Perico showed unusual maturity for his age. At the age of 17, he was allowed by his father to exercise his family’s interest during elections for he gobernadorcillo and local officials at Hacienda Calauang[1] On February 7, 1870 he married his first cousin Carmen de Ayala y Roxas, the daughter of his aunt Margarita and Antonio de Ayala. They had five children:

    * Jose Roxas y Ayala
    * Margarita Roxas y Ayala de Soriano (mother of Andres Soriano)
    * Pedro Roxas y Ayala
    * Consuelo Roxas y Ayala de Zobel (first wife of Don Enrique Zobel de Ayala
    * Antonio Roxas y Ayala””

    “Don Pedro became his father’s assistant in the nipa palm distillery and was made responsible for the production of rice and sugar in the family hacienda in Nasugbu, Batangas, which was bought by his father Don Jose Bonifacio in the 1830s from its previous landowner Isabela Isaac. Don Pedro managed the estate until the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution.”

    “During the Spanish colonial period, Don Pedro was active in many institutions. He served on the boards of Monte de Piedad, Junta Central de Agricultural, Industria y Comercio, Real Hospicio de San Jose, auditor for Hospital de San Juan de Dios. He was also appointed to prestigious posts such as director by royal appointment of Gobierno General de Filipinas and regidor of the city of Manila in 1884, and even mayor in 1885.”

    “When his father died he inherited extensive real estate in Nasugbu, Calatagan, Calauang and Hacienda San Pedro de Macati.”

    “In 1876 he was made a capitalist-partner in his wife’s company Ayala y Compañia. Upon the death of his father, he managed Destileria Ayala. He also established his own company Pedro P. Roxas y Cia. In 1890 he became, together with Don Gonzalo Tuason, the first capitalist of what would be San Miguel Corporation. He was its first manager until July 1896, when he was forced to leave for Europe because of his suspected complicity in the Philippine Revolution.”

    “Ayala y Cia explained his sudden departure as follows: “During the insurrection of 1896 a number of rich and influential nationals were suspected of using their fortunes, and their political and social positions to further the separatist cause… Pedro Pablo Roxas was among these men, and suspicion against him was heightened by his departure from the islands… Although his departure was duly sanctioned on the grounds of ill health, with Spain as his destination, he abandoned the ship Ysla de Panay, on which he was traveling, together with Dr. Jose Rizal, upon reaching Singapore and later proceeded to Paris…”

    “He was formally charged with treason and rebellion as the secret leader of the Katipunan and all his properties were confiscated in 1897. His case was brought before the Spanish Cortes. He was cleared from all charges by then Governor-General Primo de Rivera. His accusers Deodato Arellano and Pedro Serrano Laktaw withdrew their testimonies as to his connection to La Liga Filipina. The embargo on his assets was lifted on March 16,1898.”

    “Don Pedro never returned to the Philippines. While in Paris he worked hard to advance Philippine interests, by attending the secret negotiations prior to the Treaty of Paris. In fact the Philippine Revolutionary Committee in Hong Kong named him along with Juan Luna and Ramon Abarca as members of the Paris group which would advocate the cause of Philippine independence.”

    “After the American government purchase of the country on December 10, 1898, Don Pedro decided to stay in Europe and pursued his hobby of horse-breeding and several of his horses won races in France. He died on February 14, 1912 in the French capital.”

    “Upon his death his widow Doña Carmen and son Don Antonio Roxas y Ayala continued the family enterprises, which was named in his honor as Central Azucarera Don Pedro (CADP) which has become the Philippines’ largest manufacturer of refined sugar. Two years after, in 1914 the Roxases divested their interests in Ayala y Compañia to Doña Trinidad Zobel de Ayala. Hacienda San Pedro de Macati was also transferred to the children of Don Enrique Zobel de Ayala.”

  40. Enrique Bustos said,

    February 18, 2010 at 3:44 am


    This is the story recounted by Lina Araneta-Santiago about Don Francisco Roxas in her book “Araneta: a love affair with God & Country.”

  41. Presy Guevara said,

    February 17, 2010 at 9:52 pm

    Enrique, was Don Pedro Pablo Roxas the businessman who together with his son boarded the Isla de Panay in September, 1896? On its stop at Singapore, Don Pedro and his son got off the ship and did not return. Dr. Jose Rizal happened to be on that same ship as a deportee to Barcelona. It seems you have more to let us know. Thanks again for your entries.

  42. Myles Garcia said,

    February 17, 2010 at 7:38 pm

    Carla Bruni-Sarkozy and I would like to attend the Mass. Whom do we call? Will they play “Les Feuilles Mortes” at the Mass?

  43. Alicia Perez said,

    February 17, 2010 at 4:19 pm


    “To his death bed he professed innocence of this crime.”

    What ‘death bed’ are you talking about? D. Francisco Roxas was shot at the Bagumbayan field. Did the Spaniards shoot him lying on a bed? My, that’s interesting. Never heard of that before.

    Alicia Perez

  44. Enrique Bustos said,

    February 17, 2010 at 8:34 am

    “”Don Francisco Roxas was suspected of having aided the Katipunan with money and arms.To his death bed he professed innocence of this crime.Don Francisco carried with him a prayer book to his execution.In it he had written a note to his wife that he was innocent of the charges of having aided the revolutionaries.”

    “True enough when the Katipuneros failed to attract the rich and influential Filipinos to their cause,they executed a plan to implicate them.This sinister plot was taken during the meeting of the Camara Negra the secret chamber of the Katipunan on July 1896. The resolution was the execution of a Spanish Agustinian Friar,Fr Mariano Hill of Tondo.”

    “The story goes that when one of their leaders approached Don Francisco for a contribution of a thousand pesos ,instead of agreeing,Don Francisco threatened to denounce the secret society if any of them bothered him again.Bonifacio,Jacinto,Valenzuela were angered and decided to manufacture fictitious documents listing a number of Ilustrados among them Antonio Salas,Juan Luna,Antonio Luna,Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista ,Jose Albert and others In the mean time another suspect Don Pedro Pablo Roxas was able to escape to Europe.He settled in France but his properties in the Philippines was confiscated .It was the rule that a person accused of treason would have their properties confiscated unless a dispensation could be obtained From Spain.”

    “Don Francisco was a prominent businessman and a city board member. During his trial he faced the problem that under the rules of the Council of War only military personnel could defend the accused. Don Gregorio Araneta could only Prompt the defending “lawyer” who was an infantry officer untrained in law.Despite the well reasoned brief Don Gregorio prepared and the pleading of Don Francisco’s family in Spain it was a hopeless case.”

    “Don Francisco knew both Governor Valeriano Weyler and his wife the Marchioness de Tenerife. He also knew Governor-General Ramon Blanco.His closeness to Malacanang would have been sufficient clout to escape execution.Another Important connection was the Marquis of Ahumada, god father to his youngest son Javier and second in command during the administration of Weyler.It was however the King’s Attorney who ordered the arrest.there was not much the incumbent Governor-General could do.”

    “There was no reprieve despite the petition of his family in Spain to the high authorities there.His wife Dona Maria whose family lived in Yarte Pamplona was very influential citizen there Her father Don Salvador Elio then retired had served the Spanish Administration in the Philippines as governor of two provinces He used his influence in the different strata.of society to save his son in law including an appeal to Prime Minister Antonio Canovas Del Castillo.Don Salvador Elio had been a strong supporter of the Carlist movement hence he also used his influence there.”

    “Don Francisco Roxas was executed in Bagongbayan on January 11 1897.His nephew in spain who worked with the Spanis government conluded thet it was the friars who controlled the Spanish government in the Philippines. Don Francisco Roxas was executed together with many others in Manila and in the provinces.Those executed on that day in Bagongbayan were Numeriano Adriano,Moises Salvador,Jose Dizon,Domino Franco, Faustino Villaruel,Luis Enciso Villareal,Geronimo Cristobal Medina,Antonio Salazar,Ramon Padilla, Braulio Rivera,Eustacio Manalac and Benedicto Nijiga.”

    “Don Francisco spent five months in jail before his execution he left behind six children Salvador,Maria Vicenta,Juan,Presentacion,Carmen and Javier. They settled in St Jean de Luz France but they never forgot the Philippines. Carmen married Raymond Druffraisseix together they own a porcelain factory in Limoge France they returned to Manila in 1934 Presentacion settled in Bordeaux and visited Manila several times. Maria Vicenta married the Count of Moulais their children are Marie France,Nicole and Marcial.””

  45. Dr. Taddy Buyson Gonzales said,

    February 17, 2010 at 3:20 am


    Pria, Flossie, and Regina were classmates in Assumption.

    That’s why I am surprised Regina allows you to address her “tita”! Please don’t in front of Pria, she will clobber you on the spot.

    The last time I remember Regina was way, way back in Vancouver. We had dinner at T. Lilia Lopez-Jison’s place near Stanley Park. She passed by to see her parents Don Salvador and Victoria who were guests too, and neighbors.

    Don Salvador had sooo many interesting anecdotes, some in Spanish. There was mention of a blood affinity to Sta. Teresa, if I remember right. You should have met him to record them. I hope there’s someone who did.

    Regina’s mom had so many collectibles, amazing!

    Lilia and Victoria were the formidable “Lopez Women” of their time: strong willed, sharp, and had an incredible “Midas touch” in business.

  46. February 15, 2010 at 5:28 pm


    We’ve been missing you here in the blog! Where have you been all this time?

    I greeted your sister Pria G. during the G1BO fundraiser at the Polo last 17 December 2009. It turned out that Pria and my good friend Regina A.-T. were classmates at the Assumption Convent.

    I remember our conversation with Tito Mike Lagman months ago, he told us that his grandmother [ or was it his mother? ] was an “hija natural” of the Spanish hacendero Velez y Rodriguez Infante family of Floridablanca.

    Toto Gonzalez

  47. Dr. Taddy Buyson Gonzales said,

    February 15, 2010 at 12:54 pm


    The Infantes, Aranaz were our neighbors in New Manila.

    Don Alfredo Rodriguez Infante was from Floridablanca, Pampanga and he could speak Capampangan fluently.

    We were with Flossie and Nena Aranaz only last month and they said their ancestral house in Floridablanca is still there but the furnishings had been distributed among the kids. Like Flossie has some in Madrid where she resides.

    And that their father was closely related to the Velez and the Lagman of Guagua.

  48. Myles Garcia said,

    February 14, 2010 at 4:33 pm

    Estoy muy vertiginoso con todos los nombres Roxas, Rojas, etc., etc. Nakakaloka!

  49. February 14, 2010 at 2:31 pm

    Becky Aranaz
    2009/05/07 at 1:19pm

    Hi Toto,

    I was doing some research on Felix Roxas and I was led to your blog. My husband, Jose Infante Aranaz, is the great grandson of Felix Roxas y Fernandez. His grandmother, Florencia Roxas, was the eldest daughter of Felix Roxas and Carmen Moreno La Calle. Florencia Roxas was married to Alfredo Rodriguez Infante and they had 9 children – Joaquina Infante-Aranaz, Antonio Infante, Carlos Infante, Mercedes Infante-Lednicky, Teresita Infante, Alfredo “Freddie” Infante Jr., Ramon Infante, Florencia “Flossie” Infante-Diaz, and Martin Infante.

    Your story on Felix Roxas was so interesting!!! Thanks for the info.

  50. Regina Lopez Araneta-Teodoro said,

    February 14, 2010 at 12:16 pm

    Somewhere in my archives of photos is one of my father, Salvador, visiting his de Moulins relatives in France; as in Moulin Rouge. There lies a relationship to the great artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. I remember some 24 or so years ago receiving a telephone call from a distinguished Canadian government official, calling in his personal capacity. He had just returned from France and met with the Comte de Moulins who asked him to inquire about his cousin Salvador Araneta who was in Canada.

    I informed the gentleman that unfortunately Salvador Araneta passed away a few years before and would he be so kind as to relay the information to his French relations.

    We all remember Tia Presentacion Roxas. A wisp of a woman. We all waited on her hand and foot like little elves.

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